A New Industrial Revolution Is Coming: Are We Ready? 东盟准备好了吗?

赖彩云 Jessy Lai Chai Yun-new industry
[vc_row type=”in_container” scene_position=”center” text_color=”dark” text_align=”left” overlay_strength=”0.3″][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]A New Industrial Revolution Is Coming: Are We Ready?

The new wave of economic progression, especially in the tech industry, is projected to take Asia by storm and transform the way we live. Many economists and publications have predicted that there will be a huge influx of investment in the tech industry, especially in Southeast Asia. In fact, it is already happening right now. This is a great thing for the labour market, as it promises many job opportunities. The question is: Are the people in the region well-equipped to fill in those new jobs when they come in?

Let’s look to Indonesia for an example. Kudo, a Bahasa Indonesia abbreviation of “kiosk for transacting online,” is a technology platform that bridges online e-commerce with traditional, offline retail such as road-side kiosks and small convenient stores that are scattered throughout Indonesia. The app allows users who don’t have credit cards, don’t trust online payment systems or are not tech savvy enough to transact online. The office of Kudo — with its millennial workforce, ping-pong table, open plan seating and inspirational quotes on multicolor walls — could easily be located somewhere in Silicon Valley. Instead, it is located in Jakarta.

This is what the latest industrial revolution looks like in Indonesia, ASEAN and across other emerging markets. New and old technologies seek to co-exist — and businesses like Kudo are finding ways to bridge these worlds. Industries including retail, manufacturing, telecommunications and transport are all seeking to operate with new business models, creating new jobs.

There is only one slight problem: a lack of talent. The 200 or so 20-something Indonesians with computer-science, engineering and business degrees in the Kudo office are a rare breed. In fact, Agung Nugroho, co-founder of Kudo said that there are many young, enthusiastic young people in the region who are very talented—but few possess the specific engineering qualifications that is required by tech companies.

Indonesia not the only country that is facing a potential talent shortage. The World Economic Forum’s Human Capital Index reveals how effectively countries are developing and deploying their human capital. A survey asked CEOs to assess the ease of finding skilled employees in their economy. Business leaders in Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam all report severe talent shortages. Indonesia, Philippines and Singapore rank 37th, 35th and 20th, respectively. Fortunately, Malaysia came in fourth place, ranking highest on this indicator among ASEAN countries. This is great news for us, but we need to be wary and keep producing talents.

The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs study forecasts that ASEAN’s businesses expect net job growth, with some roles becoming redundant through automation, but offset with a higher number of new roles emerging. In fact, according to our estimates, there will be as many as four new roles for each redundant role, putting the region in a far more positive position than others where technological change may result in net losses to jobs. However, the lack of qualified talent is likely to diminish the job-growth opportunities of the region. While STEM skills will be in high demand, nearly all jobs will require stronger social and collaboration skills. Our local education system might not be doing well enough to equip young graduates with these vital assets.

The solutions to this challenge will require bold leadership and a future-oriented vision, but they are certainly not impossible. It is critical that governments and business act together to co-create a new education and employment ecosystem, one that is designed for a more integrated ASEAN economy. Otherwise, we risk the threat of automation and a jobless future. Collaboration between governments and the private sector to ensure production of talents is a critical issue that needs to be addressed right now.


http://reports.weforum.org/human-capital-report-2015/ [/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column column_padding=”no-extra-padding” column_padding_position=”all” background_color_opacity=”1″ background_hover_color_opacity=”1″ width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]新经济时代已降临,东盟准备好了吗?









而Kudo这样一个创新企业却大胆的采用台湾、中国以及日本已经风行的kiosk来售卖电子商务产品。 kiosk的特色就是聘请销售员随身携带平板电脑在各大商场对群众进行网络商品推销,而Kudo已经考虑了印尼网络不稳的问题,所以都是以不上线(Offline retails)方式购买商品,让更多不太精通互联网的消费者能够享受到电商带来的便利。

Kudo电子商务公司共同创办人Albert Lucius透露,印尼偏远的物价较首都为高,电子商务在印尼的小型市镇和农村地区极具吸引力。




等到消费者确定下单后,便由店主代为完成整个网路购物流程,消费者只须将现金支付给店主。照这种作法,无论是Kudo或店主都无需承担仓储压力。 Kudo的平台集合了多家现有网路商店,也与数家印尼大型电子商务公司结盟,包括网路市集Bukalapak、网路时尚商店Berrybenka和团购网站等。



在Kudo公司,20多岁又拥有电脑工程师、资讯工程学系或商业管理的大学生非常罕见,Kudo>创办人之一Agung Nugroho认为印尼本土有许多很有天分的人才,只是大多都缺乏科技公司最注重的专业文凭。

其实不只是印尼面临人才短缺的问题,根据世界经济论坛球人力资本指数报告(The World Economic Forum’s Human Capital Index)对各个发展中国家进行的一项调查显示,印尼、菲律宾、缅甸、柬埔寨、辽国、泰国以及越南都面临严重的人才短缺。


《世界经济论坛未来工作趋势》(The World Economic Forum’s Future of Jobs)的研究显示,东盟商界预计就业机会会持续增长,有一些工作将会渐渐被新的工作角色给取代,尤其是科技行业的就业机会普遍被看好,但一个国家若缺乏这方面的人才,将会大大降低就业机会。因为,在未来STEM(Science、Technology、Engineering)的技巧会越来越受重视,与其相关的行业对技术的专业要求也会不断提升,而东盟的教育体系未必能提供每一位相关行业毕业生最精良的知识与技术。


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